Standard Cost of Rice Milling Unit In Tidal Swamp Region
(A Case Study in Banyuurip Village, Tanjung Lago Sub
District, Banyuasin Regency)
Yanter Hutapea*,1 and Budi Raharjo1
1South Sumatra Assessment Institute of Agricultural Technology
Small capacity rice mill units are still used by farmers. Rice processing machines was
accepted previously because the machine is easy to be operated. Then, the husk, the bran and the rice bran also can be used. The milling costs was also feasible by farmers. This study aims to determine the standard costs and problems faced by rice milling unit in Tidal Swamp Region. A case study was held in Banyuurip Village, Tanjung Lago Sub District, Banyuasin Regency South Sumatra. The study was started from June – July 2016 by using observation and interviews method in three rice mills. Rice milling unit are categorized on working time, those are: strata I). ≥ 1.800 hours/year, II). > 1.500 – < 1.800 hours/year and strata III). ≤ 1500 hours/year. Descriptive quantitative data analysis were used to calculate the standard cost of rice mill units. The results showed that the standard cost of rice milling on strata I, II and III were Rp 134,0/kg; Rp 134,7/kg dan Rp 160,4/kg respectively, with an average of Rp 141.8/kg. Purchase of dry grain harvest by traders to farmer right at the location lead to reduce work capacity of the rice mill. The dry grain sell is also going to reduce the risk of product damage due to harvest during the rainy season. Milling work capacity can be enhanced by restricting the sale of dry grain, multiplying the dryer in the village and synergizing dryer and rice milling unit so the husk and bran can be used in rural areas.
Keywords: Rice milling unit, standard costs, tidal swamp region.
Full Text PDF of C24 Yanter Hutapea et al